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Carnival in Brasil

Carnival in Rio De Janeiro, one of the best-known parties in the world, is also the largest carnival celebration in the world. It’s filled with music, parades, drinking and people having fun. The carnival, a national holiday in Brazil, runs from Friday night to noon of the following Wednesday. That’s the official length, but many Brazilians turn it into a 10-day holiday. It brings in about half a million foreign tourists each year.

Carnival Roots

The carnival can trace its roots back to an ancient Greek festival held each spring to honor Dionysus, the god of wine. The Romans adopted the festival to honor two of their gods, Bacchanalia and Saturnalia. During the Roman festival, slaves and masters would exchange clothes and spend the day in drunken revelry. The Catholic Church later modified the festival as a celebration leading up to Ash Wednesday. It grew into a last hurrah before Lent with its 40 days of trying to improve oneself through prayer and sacrifice.

Entrudo

Rio de Janeiro’s celebration of carnival can be traced back to 1723, according to Ipanema.com. It came to Brazil along with Portuguese immigrants who called it the Entrudo. Entrudo was essentially a giant water fight with people setting out to soak others with water and limes. No one, even royalty, was immune from being drenched. It was eventually outlawed because the authorities didn’t like to see so many people losing control.

Evolving

In the mid-19th century, Jose Nogueira de Azevedo was a shoemaker who marched through the streets on Carnival Monday playing drums, tambourines and whistles. He welcomed anyone who wanted to join in his march. This eventually became Ze Pereira. The Grandes Sociedades debuted in 1855 as a parade for aristocrats. About 80 members of the upper class, including the emperor, would wear masks and elaborate costumes and parade through town to the beat of music. In 1870, characters were introduced to the festivities, who would perform according to the costume they were given; other participants began to wear oversized papier-mache masks.

Early 20th Century

The parade of floats in today’s Carnival celebration began as an event called Corso in 1907. At that time, it was a parade of cars, a relatively new invention at the time, through the the city. Parade watchers brought streamers and confetti to throw. Another portion of the modern Carnival is the Ranchos Carnavalescos, which began in 1872 but became popular in 1911. In a Ranchos Carnavalescos, participants dressed up in costumes and performed during the parade accompanied by music played by musicians. Their popularity grew as each Ranchos Carnvalesco competed with the others to become more elaborate and entertaining. They are now one of the most popular parts of Carnival. The only time the parades were halted was during WWII, but they resumed in 1947.

Samba

The samba, which is the primary music of Rio’s Carnival, was born at Rio. The samba is a ritual Candomble dance to drums and handclaps. At the end of the 19th Century, Tia Ciata, a Candomble priestess, used to have meetings in her home where live music was played while, in the backyard, others danced the samba. The two musical beats eventually combined to form what we call the samba today. The first song that was called a samba was composed in Tia Ciata’s house.

Read more:  http://traveltips.usatoday.com/history-carnival-rio-de-janeiro-11711.html

Opposite Adjectives

 

EasyAdjectivesCrossword

 

EasyAdjectivesCrossword

Valentine’s day food

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate Truffles

trufas

Ingredients
For the Ganache:

  • 21 ounces bittersweet chocolate
  • 18 ounces (generous 2 cups) heavy cream
  • 2 ounces (4 tablespoons) unsalted butter, cut into pieces, softened
  • 2 ounces (1/4 cup) orange liqueur or raspberry vodka (optional)
  • For the Coating:
  • 3 pounds bittersweet chocolate, chopped
  • 2 cups Dutch-process cocoa powder, sifted
  • 2 1/2 cups shredded coconut, toasted
  • 2 cups nuts, toasted and finely chopped

Directions
Chop the chocolate: Use a chef’s knife to chop the chocolate as finely as possible; this will help it melt quickly and evenly. Then place it in a medium glass bowl. (Glass retains heat, so the chocolate will stay melted longer.)

Make the ganache: Heat the cream in a small saucepan over medium heat until bubbles form around the edge. Remove from the heat and add about one-fourth of the chocolate; whisk until smooth. Slowly pour the cream mixture over the remaining chocolate in the bowl and let sit until the chocolate melts, about 30 seconds. Puree the melted chocolate with an immersion blender or beat with a whisk until all the lumps disappear and the ganache is smooth. Stir in the butter until smooth, then add liqueur, if desired. (Jacques adds the liqueur last, so the flavor doesn’t cook off.)

Pour and set: Line a rimmed baking sheet with plastic wrap, leaving a 2-foot overhang on one side. Pour the ganache onto the baking sheet and spread evenly with a rubber spatula. Fold the plastic wrap back over and press directly onto the surface of the ganache. Let cool at room temperature at least 4 hours or overnight.

For the truffles: Using two teaspoons, scoop small mounds of the ganache onto parchment-lined baking sheets. Set aside until firm enough to roll, about 15 minutes in the refrigerator or 2 hours at room temperature.

Roll into balls: Place the chocolate mounds between both palms, squeeze slightly and roll. Refrigerate until ready to coat.

Temper the chocolate: This is a gentle melting and cooling process that gives chocolate a glossy finish. For the coating, place the chopped chocolate in a heatproof bowl set over a saucepan of barely simmering water and stir until melted, about 40 minutes. Pour into a clean glass bowl; stir to cool to between 88 degrees and 90 degrees, about 40 minutes. (Jacques recommends a laser thermometer for checking the temperature.)

Dip and coat: Spread out the cocoa powder, coconut and nuts on parchment paper. One at a time, dip each truffle in the tempered chocolate with a two-prong dipping fork (you can buy one at a baking-supply store or break off the middle tines of a plastic fork). Lift the truffle and let the excess chocolate drip off. Roll in toppings and place on a rack to dry. Store in an airtight container for up to 2 weeks.

Photograph by Jim Franco

Read more at: http://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/food-network-kitchens/chocolate-truffles-recipe4.html?oc=linkback

Números en Español

Números en español

¿Cuántas cuerdas tiene una guitarra española? Pues… en este articulo tratamos números y contar en español. Números se utilizan para indicar cantidades, horas, fechas, etc. En este artículo puedes aprender los números cardinales y ordinales.

Más abajo una tabla con los números cardinales y ordinales:

número cardinal ordinal
0 cero
1 un, uno /-a primer, primero /-a
2 dos segundo /-a
3 tres tercer, tercero /-a
4 cuatro cuarto /-a
5 cinco quinto /-a
6 seis sexto /-a
7 siete séptimo /-a
8 ocho octavo /-a
9 nueve noveno /-a
10 diez décimo /-a
11 once undécimo /-a
12 doce duodécimo /-a
13 trece decimotercero /-a
14 catorce decimocuarto /-a
15 quince decimoquinto /-a
16 dieciséis decimosexto /-a
17 diecisiete decimoséptimo /-a
18 dieciocho decimoctavo /-a
19 diecinueve decimonoveno /-a
20 veinte vigésimo /-a
21 veintiuno /-a vigésimo /-a primero /-a
30 treinta trigésimo /-a
31 treinta y uno /-a trigésimo /-a primero /-a
40 cuarenta cuadragésimo /-a
50 cincuenta quincuagésimo /-a
60 sesenta sexagésimo /-a
70 setenta septuagésimo /-a
80 ochenta octogésimo /-a
90 noventa nonagésimo /-a
100 cien centésimo /-a
101 ciento /-a uno /-a centésimo /-a primero /-a
110 ciento /-a diez centésimo /-a décimo / -a
120 ciento /-a veinte centésimo /-a vigésimo /-a
200 doscientos /-as ducentésimo /-a
300 trescientos /-as tricentésimo /-a
400 cuatrocientos /-as cuadringentésimo /-a
500 quinientos /-as quingentésimo /-a
600 seiscientos /-as sexcentésimo /-a
700 setecientos /-as septingentésimo /-a
800 ochocientos /-as octingentésimo /-a
900 novecientos /-as noningentésimo /-a
1000 mil milésimo /-a
1100 mil ciento /-a milésimo /-a centésimo /-a
2000 dos mil dosmilésimo /-a
2001 dos mil uno /-a dosmilésimo /-a primero /-a
1.000.000 millón millonésimo /-a
2.000.000 dos millones dosmillonésimo /-a

Números cardinales

numeros1

Para expresar números se utiliza el número cardinal:

un hombre; una mujer

dos hombres; dos mujeres

La guitarra española tiene seis cuerdas

treinta y un días

cuarenta y una banderas

En caso se utiliza el número uno en plural se refiere a algunos:

unos hombres; unas mujeres

Números ordinales

numeros_ordinales

Para expresar un orden se utiliza el número ordinal:

la primera vez

el quinto coche

Conjugación verbo DECIR

Conjugación del verbo español decir

Di lo que piensas.

 

Infinitivo decir
Gerundio diciendo
Participio dicho

Modo indicativo

Presente

yo digo
dices
él; ella; usted dice
nosotros; nosotras decimos
vosotros; vosotras decís
ellos; ellas; ustedes dicen

Pretérito imperfecto

yo decía
decías
él; ella; usted decía
nosotros; nosotras decíamos
vosotros; vosotras decíais
ellos; ellas; ustedes decían

Pretérito indefinido

yo dije
dijiste
él; ella; usted dijo
nosotros; nosotras dijimos
vosotros; vosotras dijisteis
ellos; ellas; ustedes dijeron

Futuro

yo diré
dirás
él; ella; usted dirá
nosotros; nosotras diremos
vosotros; vosotras diréis
ellos; ellas; ustedes dirán

Modo subjuntivo

Presente

yo diga
digas
él; ella; usted diga
nosotros; nosotras digamos
vosotros; vosotras digáis
ellos; ellas; ustedes digan

Pretérito imperfecto

yo dijera
dijeras
él; ella; usted dijera
nosotros; nosotras dijéramos
vosotros; vosotras dijerais
ellos; ellas; ustedes dijeran
yo dijese
dijeses
él; ella; usted dijese
nosotros; nosotras dijésemos
vosotros; vosotras dijeseis
ellos; ellas; ustedes dijesen

Futuro

yo dijere
dijeres
él; ella; usted dijere
nosotros; nosotras dijéremos
vosotros; vosotras dijereis
ellos; ellas; ustedes dijeren

Modo condicional

yo diría
dirías
él; ella; usted diría
nosotros; nosotras diríamos
vosotros; vosotras diríais
ellos; ellas; ustedes dirían

Modo imperativo

Afirmativo

(tú) di
(usted) diga
(vosotros/-as) decid
(ustedes) digan

Negativo

(tú) no digas
(usted) no diga
(vosotros/-as) no digáis
(ustedes) no digan

ordinateur

 

 

 

Les accessoires de ton ordinateur

ordenateur

internet

No Rain

Aprende Inglés con esta canción

  1. Lee la letra

  2. Escucha la música

  3. Intenta cantarla

No Rain – Blind Melon

All I can say is that my life is pretty plain
I like watchin’ the puddles gather rain

And all I can do is just pour some tea for two
and speak my point of view
But it’s not sane, It’s not sane

I just want someone to say to me oh, oh, oh, oh
I’ll always be there when you wake yea, yea
Ya know I’d like to keep my cheeks dry today, hey
So stay with me and I’ll have it made

And I don’t understand why I sleep all day
And I start to complain that there’s no rain

And all I can do is read a book to stay awake
And it rips my life away, but it’s a great escape
escape……escape……escape……

All I can say is that my life is pretty plain
ya don’t like my point of view
ya think I’m insane
Its not sane……it’s not sane.

I just want someone to say to me oh, oh, oh, oh
I’ll always be there when you wake yea, yea
Ya know I’d like to keep my cheeks dry today, hey
So stay with me and I’ll have it made

(I’ll have it made
I’ll have it made
You know we’re really gonna, really gonna have it made
Gonna have it made
ahhh,ahhh, ahhh, ahhh)

abeja-volando

Manner Adverbs

adverbs

accidentally
angrily
anxiously
awkwardly
badly
beautifully
blindly
boldly
bravely
brightly
busily
calmly
carefully
carelessly
cautiously
cheerfully
clearly
closely
correctly
courageously
cruelly
daringly
deliberately
doubtfully
eagerly
easily
elegantly
enormously
enthusiastically
equally
eventually
exactly
faithfully
fast
fiercely
fondly
foolishly
fortunately
frankly
frantically
generously
gently
gladly
gracefully
greedily
happily
hard
hastily
healthily
honestly
hungrily
inadequately
ingeniously
innocently
inquisitively
irritably
joyously
justly
kindly
lazily
loosely
loudly
madly
mortally
mysteriously
neatly
nervously
noisily
obediently
openly
painfully
patiently
perfectly
politely
poorly
powerfully
promptly
punctually
quickly
quietly
rapidly
rarely
recklessly
regularly
reluctantly
repeatedly
rightfully
roughly
rudely
sadly
safely
selfishly
sensibly
seriously
sharply
silently
sleepily
slowly
smoothly
softly
stealthily
straight
stupidly
successfully
suddenly
suspiciously
swiftly
tenderly
tensely
thoughtfully
tightly
truthfully
unexpectedly
victoriously
violently
vivaciously
warmly
weakly
wearily
well
wildly
wisely

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